SubBioLab

SubBioDatabase

Subterranean Biodiversity Database

SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE SUBBIODATABASE:

Number of all records (taxon-locality-source): 30.300

Number of localities: 7500

Number of taxa: 4800

SubBioDatabase is an integrative database on distribution of subterranean taxa from various habitats (caves, springs, interstitial…), with spatially defined localities. It incorporates distribution records from literature and own field studies, with addition of molecular and/or morphological characteristics of taxa. Such an extensive database presents a unique and powerful tool for research and conservation of subterranean fauna.

Distribution of species can be presented with its occurrence in quadrats of equal size, covering the whole study region. Here you can investigate the distribution of certain taxa, as revealed by the data in SubBioDatabase.

 

MAP QUERY:

Map for Proteus anguinus:

 

More about the SubBio Database

SubBioDB is organised as a relational database, connecting various tables via ID fields. Each table contains also informaton of synonymy of  localities and taxa, avoiding repetitive inputs due to differences in names. Records are mainly related to the Dinarides and neighboring regions in the Western Balkans (see interactive map), but for some taxonomic groups records from their whole distribution range are included (like for the genus Niphargus).

 

dbstruct

 

WHY DINARIDES AND THE WESTERN BALKANS?

Research of subterranean fauna in the Dinarides in the Western Balkans has a long history, reaching back to the first discoveries of cave animals in the world. It is recognised as the world hotspot in subterranean biodiversity, with about 1000 obligate species described and new species still being discovered. The region has always attracted numerous scientists working on different aspects of the subterranean biology, therefore large amounts of data is scattered in numerous literature sources. New morphological and advanced molecular studies are beingconducted in the region. The region can be considered a „natural laboratory“ for subterranean biology studies, so the need for common database was soon recognised.

 

SHORT HISTORY OF THE DATABASE

In our group, collection of data from various sources in a common database started before 1980, when species records were collected on cardboard cards.

Since 1980′s, data were collected in spreadsheet forms (in MS Excel).

In 2003, the database was reorganised in a relational form (in MS Access).Repetitions due to different names of localities and taxa are avoided and a huge amount of data is saved in a smaller space for fast access. The most important upgrade, however, was the addition of spatial coordinates for each locality.

Since 2010, the  database was put on the platform MySQL, with multiple users data addition, and extention to add field work data and information from molecular and morphological research.

 

WHY SHOULD DATA BE PUT IN A COMMON DATABASE

There has been a growing interest globally, to collect and organise all existing data on species occurrences from diverse sources in common databases. Such data collections enable comprehensive ecological and biodiversity studies also on larger scales using novel approaches.

 

EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS, THAT CAN BE STUDIED ON SPATIALLY WELL ORGANISED DATABASE:

Where are centres of high species richness of troglobiotic beetles? Zagmajster et al. 2008, 2010

What is the phylogeographical structure of cave shrimp Troglocaris anophthalmus? Zakšek et al.

Is rostrum length in Troglocaris spp. related to presence of potential predator, Proteus anguinus? Jugovic et al.

 

papers

Distributional data, scattered in numerous published sources, are joined together in SubBioDatabase, presenting a powerful tool for analyses

 

DATA FROM SubBioDatabase has been used and integrated in other databases and projects, like:

-       PASCALIS

-       Dinaric Cave Type Localities Project

-       European Groundwater Crustaceans Database, see BioFresh Portal

 

FOR INFROMATION ON DATA INPUT AND USE CONTACT:

maja.zagmajster@bf.uni-lj.si